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Armed Constabulary in Cambridge

On 10 October 1867 the Armed Constabulary Act was passed and the Waikato Militia disbanded.

Lieutenant-Colonel William Moule raised two divisions of Armed Constabulary and commanded one himself (No. 4 division) with Headquarters in Cambridge. The other (No. 5 division) was commanded by Major von Tempsky at Alexandra (Pirongia).

In 1869 -1870 the force was increased to 200 because of the presence of Te Kooti and in April 1870 Lieutenant-Colonel Lyon took command of the New Zealand Armed Constabulary which took over from the Auckland Provincial Police. Their first job was to repair the telegraph communications between Cambridge and Te Awamutu, and Cambridge and Hamilton.

The murder of Timothy Sullivan on 24 April 1873 brought renewed tension, and again during the Te Kooti scare, families were brought into the barracks at night. New redoubts were built at Pukekura, Paekuku, Roto-o-Rangi, and the ford across the Punui River, but these were withdrawn in 1875 and 1876.

The activities wound down and the Armed Constabulary’s general duties were keeping communications open and making roads; the town constable keeping the peace, law and order; digging gardens, wheeling gravel, fencing paddocks, planting trees, and attending to guard duties. Approximately 22 men were stationed in Cambridge and from the ‘office’ in the corner of the lumber-room the town constable and watch house duties were administered.

By mid 1884 a full troop of N Z Constabulary Force was no longer required in Cambridge and all movable buildings and most of the personnel were transferred to Kihikihi. Constable William Brennan who had served in Cambridge since June 1876, carried on with policing duties.
By the middle of 1886 the whole Armed Constabulary force had been transferred to the regular police or to military forces, or had been discharged.
18 May 1886 a Police Force Bill and a Defence Bill were introduced to Parliament. Both were passed and the NZ Police Force came into being on 1 September 1886.

 

Researched and written by Eris Parker
Ref: National Archives Wellington

Cambridge Armed Constabulary Members

(The original Nominal Roll is held at National Archives Wellington)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M Mc N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

A    
AINSWORTH Walter

1358

ANDERSON Cornelius

1386

ANDERSON Farquhar Campbell

1352

ANDERSON John

24

AVERY Alfred
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B  

BELLERBY Joseph

1484

BILLING Thomas John

1347

BLAKER Reginald Campbell

1331

BRENNAN Patrick

1174

BRENNAN William

611

BURNS Francis

1038

Back
C    
CALLANDER Michael

1649

CAMPBELL Alexander

1628

CARMINISCH Martin

1590

CHITTY Charles

94

CLARE William
CLAUSING Henry

134

CLUNE George

397

COLLINS Charles

308

COLLINS James

COLLINS William Godfrey

1156

COLTAN Edward

1231

COLTART Robert

1059

COLTMAN Robert

331

COOKE G

1190

COOPER George Edward

107

COUGHLAN John

1526

COUPER James Robertson

1322

CUDWORTH Walter

496

CURTIS William

1346

Back
D    
DAVIDSON Hickey

1595

DAVY Edwin

2264

De LANEY G E McC

DIGNAN  

DISMORE / DISMORR Nathanial

DIVER Frank
DIXON Robert

395

DONOVAN Denis

1463

DRAPER James

743

DREW James

140

Back
E – F  
EAST Robert

1333

EDWARDS Benjamin
FARR Alfred Elias

1690

FEEHAN Malachi

1691

FINIGAN Patrick

1591

FITZPATRICK Thomas

1398

FLETCHER John

1338

FOLEY Michael

578

FOREMAN Henry

1650

FRANKLIN Walter

1421

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G    
GARBETT Joseph

32

GARDNER Charles

1646

GARLAND Henry

277

GEAR George Rancroft

1532

GIBSON James

1406

GOLDSMITH James William P

408

GORTON Arthur

1420

GRAY Robert

1172

Back
H    
HARDING John

HARRISON Thomas

1468

HASTIE George
HEANEY Alexander

9

HESKETH James

453

HORSCROFT Charles

307

HOZANA Daniel William

HUTCHINSON Allen

1535

HUTTON John

157

Back
J K    
JOHNSON William

2428

JULIAN Charles

2083

JULIAN John

1651

KANE James

1639

KERR John

89

KING William

KNIGHT Alexander Gregory

1175

Back
L    
LASH William

1047

LAWTON James

254

Le MASURIER Philip

1311

LEANING George Henry

LEES / LEIS Thomas

2258

LEONHARDT Charles Edward

1477

LLOYD George

Back
M    
MACKAY William

1372

MANN Arthur Campbell

1164

MARSHALL William

91

MAYNE George Taylor

1466

MOLESWORTH Charles Edward

531

MOONEY Patrick

1535

MOORE Joshua

1374

MULLINS John

1381

MURPHY Patrick

1330

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Mac    
MacINTOSH C D

McDONELL Edward

1534

McKEARNEY Peter

McKEARNEY William

1955

McKELVY Daniel

1371

McKINNON John
McPHEE John

921

McREYNOLDS John Marcus

1360

McSWEENEY Eugene

259

Back
N O    
NEILL John Thomas

1449

NEWALL Stuart

306

NICKLE George

O’BRINE Andrew

1550

O’CONNOR John

1334

O’DONOGHUE John

1357

OLSON Otto

1547

O’NEIL Charles

464

O’NEILL William Henry

1825

O’TOOLE Patrick Joseph

1936

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P Q  
PACEY William

1411

PEACOCK Henry Shaw

1592

POOLE William Geo.
POPE Frederick Sherwood Willis

1551

QUALTROUGH Richard

416

QUICKFALL Joseph

1353

Back
R    
RAYNAR James ( Frederick )

1378

RETFORD Charles

1423

RICHDALE William

1957

RIST J W

ROBERTS John Mackintosh

ROSE Charles Edward Stuart
ROSMUSSON H

1335

ROYSTON Samuel

832

Back
S T  
SALMON Henry

SHEEHAN Bartholomew

1052

SHORT John

421

SKELTON Thomas

73

SOFFE John

1538

SPURDLE Edwin James

1692

SQUIBB George

1577

STRANCHON Thomas Henry

144

STUART John Alexander
SUTHERLAND Donald

569

TAYLOR Frederick Thomas

1365

TIMMINS Patrick
1554
Back
W    
WALKER Henry

WALNOR Thomas

586

WALSH John

1315

WARD Thomas

1638

WAREING James

1328

WATT Donald

1544

WATTS F

1320

WEBB James Thomas

87

WEBB John

1627

WELHAM T

1207

WHELAN Thomas

102

WHELAN Thomas

1414

WILLIAMSON David

1991

WOODWARD Henry

1648

WRIGHT Thomas

2052

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